Todd Cronan is Assistant Professor of art history at Emory University, where his research centers on 20th century art and art theory with particular emphasis on problems around expression, intention, affect, form and meaning. He is the author of Against Affective Formalism: Matisse, Bergson, Modernism (Univ. of Minnesota Press, 2013) and Matisse (Phaidon, 2014). His articles have appeared in the New German CritiqueBritish Journal of the History of Philosophy, Design and CultureZetischrift fur Kunstgeschichtequi parle and and he serves on the editorial board of His current book project, Seeing Photographically, looks at photographic debates about the ontology of the medium and how those ideas shaped both photographic and painterly practice in the first half of the 20th c.